Monday, October 17, 2011

Deadly Kamov Ka-50 Black Shark

Army and Weapons | Deadly Kamov Ka-50 Black Shark | The Kamov Ka-50 "Black Shark" is a single-seat Russian attack helicopter with the distinctive coaxial rotor system of the Kamov design bureau. It was designed in the 1980s and approved for service in the Russian army in 1995. It is currently manufactured by the Progress company in Arsenyev.

During the late 1990s, Kamov and Israel Aerospace Industries developed a tandem-seat cockpit version, the Kamov Ka-50-2 "Erdogan" to compete in Turkey's attack helicopter competition. Kamov also designed two-seater variant, the Kamov Ka-52 "Alligator".

The Ka-50 Black Shark helicopter, developed by Kamov Helicopters JSC, carries the NATO codename Hokum A, Hokum B of the two-seat version, Ka-52. Ka-50 is also known as Werewolf. It is a high-performance combat helicopter with day and night capability, high survivability and firepower of the air targets and heavily armored tanks, air defense weapons armed with defeat. It joined the Russian army in 1995 and is produced in the Sazykin Aviation Company Progress based in Arseniev maritime territory, Russia.

A first batch of eight Ka-50 aircraft was delivered. 12 Ka-52 was purchased for the Russian Air Force special operations in 2005, but the financing of the program is cut from the 2005 budget. As of late 2008, the Russian Air Force used 15 Ka-50 Ka-52 helicopters and ten.

A night attack version, Ka-50N, with Samshit-50T thermal imager, day TV and laser rangefinder has been developed, and Kamov has also worked with the Israeli Aircraft Industries (IAI) to a version of the Ka-50-2 Erdogan produce that is compatible with NATO weapons and has an Israeli equipped cockpit.

Ka-50 design
The coaxial rotor design provides a hovering ceiling of 4,000 meters and 10 meters vertical ascent rate of one second at an altitude of 2500 m. The rotor blades are made of polymeric materials. The coaxial-rotor configuration results in moments of inertia values ​​relative to vertical and lateral axes between 1.5 and two times less than the values ​​found in the single-rotor helicopters with tail rotors. Absence of the tail rotor, the helicopter to perform flat turns within the entire flight speed range. A maximum vertical g-load of 3.5 combined with low moments of inertia give the Ka-50 a high degree of skill.

Extensive all-round harness installed in the cockpit protects the pilot against 12.7 mm armor-piercing bullets and 23mm projectile fragments. The rotor blades are suitable for several hits of ground-automatic weapons to resist.

The Ka-50 is the world's first operational helicopter with a rescue ejection system, allowing the pilot to escape at all altitudes and speeds. The K-37-800 rocket-assisted ejection system is manufactured by the Zvezda Research and Production Enterprise Joint Stock Company in the Moscow region.

Ka-50 orders.
A request for proposal (RFP) to buy 22 attack helicopters was published by the Indian Ministry of Defence on 30 May 2008 as part of the $ 550m contract. The attack helicopter to include weapons, the Air Force of the monitoring and control capabilities boost.

The Air Force expects that the helicopter would be 2500 kg or more empty roads and have two engines. It should include a modern anti-armor capabilities, along with a turret gun caliber of 20 mm or higher and be able to fire 70mm missiles a range of 1.2 km. The helicopter must be able to work in all weather, day and night, and in the desert and mountainous regions.

The second RFP was issued in June 2009, stating that approximately 384 additional light helicopters were made available for purchase. The $ 2 billion order was for the Indian Air Force and Army, of which 125 would be the Air Force and 259 for the army.

A combination of various armaments to a maximum weapon load of 2t can be selected based on the mission, including anti-tank missiles, unguided rockets from the air of various calibres, air-to-air missiles, guns, bombs and other weapons.

The helicopter has small mid-mounted wings, with four under-wing suspension units and wingtip countermeasures pods. Up to 12 Vikhr supersonic anti-tank missiles can be mounted on the helicopter under two external wing stores. The laser beam-riding Vikhr missile listed as having a target hit probability close, to a tank on a range of up to 8 km, and the possibility of penetrating all types of armor, including active armor up to 900mm thick.

The Ka-50 is equipped with a 2A42 quick-firing 30mm cannon, an unlimited azimuth and elevation range mounting for use against airborne or ground targets has. The gun is equipped with 460 ammunition: two types of runs, high-fragmentation and explosive incendiary rounds and armor-piercing rounds. The pilot selects the type of ammunition in flight. The weight of the ammunition is 0.39kg each round the muzzle velocity is 980m / s and range up to 4 km. The gun provides an angular firing accuracy of two to 4mrad.

Flight systems include Inertial Navigation System (INS), autopilot and head-up display (HUD). Sensors are forward-looking infrared (FLIR) and terrain-following radar.

The Ka-50 is equipped with a radar warning receiver, electronic warfare system and chaff and flare dispenser.

The Ka-50 is powered by two TV3-117VMA turboshafts engines, each 2200 hp (1660 kW). The engines are placed on either side of the hull to the struggle to increase survival. The helicopter also has an auxiliary power unit (APU) for autonomous operation.

The Ka-50 combat helicopter can climb at a speed of 16m / s. It can fly at a maximum speed of 390 km / h. The maximum range and service ceiling of the helicopter are 1.180 km and 5,500 m altitude. It can fly at a cruising speed of 270 km / h. The struggle radius and disc loading of the helicopter is 460 km and 30 kg / m respectively. The endurance of the helicopter was three hours. The helicopter weighs about 7800 kg maximum takeoff weight is 10,800 and kilograms.