Wednesday, November 2, 2011

Deadly USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN-72)

Army and Weapons | Deadly USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN-72) | USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN-72), is the fifth Nimitz-class supercarrier in the United States Navy. She is the second Navy ship named after former president Abraham Lincoln. Her home port is Everett, Washington.
Lincoln's contract was awarded to Newport News Shipbuilding on 27 December 1982, her keel was laid November 3, 1984 in Newport News, Virginia. The ship was launched on 13 February 1988 and commissioned on 11 November 1989. They cost $ 4.5 billion in 2007 U.S. dollars.

USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72) is America's fifth Nimitz-class aircraft carrier. The ship was named in honor of our nation's 16th president and is the second U.S. Navy ship in his name. The ballistic missile submarine Abraham Lincoln (SSBN 602) was employed from 1961 to 1981. Abraham Lincoln's keel was laid November 3, 1984 in Newport News, Va. Four years later, the ship was christened and began a series of performance tests in the run up to the commissioning November 11, 1989 in Norfolk, Virginia
Abraham Lincoln all facilities in an American city with a similar population. These include a post office (with its own zip code), TV and radio stations, newspapers, fire, library, hospital, general store, barber shops, and much more. The ship has enough electrical power supply to provide electricity to 100,000 homes, food and supplies to operate for 90 days, and the possibility of distilling more than 400,000 liters of fresh water from the sea every day.

Keeping the boat ready at all times critical. This requires repair shops to maintain machinery and aircraft, parachutes and other shops deep voices survival equipment, and electronic stores to restore the communication, navigation and avionics equipment running.
Of course, there are a few things that are unusual for a town of 5,000 people. For example: Abraham Lincoln is a floating airport, may be as many as four aircraft a minute. In fact, the ship hosts seven different types of aircraft that a variety of missions to perform. During the operation, the 4.5 acre flight deck is the scene of intense activity, with crew, aircraft and other equipment functioning as a well-rehearsed and carefully choreographed team to the efficiency and safety.

The various functions of the cockpit crew can be identified by the color of the jersey they wear. For example, yellow is for officers and aircraft directors purple for fuel handlers green for catapult and arresting gear crews blue for chock and chain runners and red for crash / salvage teams and ordnance handlers. Four aircraft elevators, each the size of two average city lots, bring aircraft to the cockpit of the hanger bays below. Aviation fuel is pumped from the tanks below and bombs, rockets and missiles are placed in the magazines.
Powerful steam catapults (affectionately known as "Fat Cats" can accelerate a 37-ton jet from zero to 180 miles per hour in less than three seconds while traveling nearly the length of a football field. The weight of each aircraft determines the amount of thrust that the catapult. In recovery, pilots use a system of lenses to guide their aircraft "risk" (the correct guide path for landing). arrest four wires, each consisting of two-inch thick wire cables connected on hydraulic cylinders below decks, snag the arresting hook, stopping the planes from 150 miles per hour to zero in less than 400 meters.

High in the island, seven stories above the cockpit, the "Air Boss" and his staff will coordinate the entire operation, closely monitored from the cockpit and the captain on the bridge.
When deployed, Abraham Lincoln is the core of a carrier battle group that guided missile cruisers, destroyers, frigates, replenishment ships and submarines covers.

After completing shakedown and testing, Abraham Lincoln departed Norfolk in September 1990 for an inter-fleet transfer from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. The ship completed a transit around South America with the naval forces of several South American countries including Brazil, Argentina and Chile.
On May 28, 1991, Abraham Lincoln made his first Western Pacific deployment nearly four months ahead of schedule as a result of Operation Desert Shield / Desert Storm. While en route to the Indian Ocean, the ship was diverted to support evacuation after the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo on Luzon Island, Republic of the Philippines. Operation Fiery Vigil, the largest peacetime evacuation of active duty military personnel and family members in history. Abraham Lincoln led a 23-ship armada that 20,000 evacuees sealifted. The armada almost 45,000 people moved out of the Subic Bay Naval Station to the port of Cebu province Cebu. With Operation Fiery Vigil completed, the ship took station in the Persian Gulf in support of allied and U.S. troops still in the region for Operation Desert Storm. CVW-11, began the air wing provided combat air patrol that, reconnaissance and support air operations over Kuwait and Iraq. Abraham Lincoln stayed in the Gulf for more than three months.

The ship spent early 1992 in a selected restricted availability (SRA) at Naval Air Station Alameda. Weather deployed June 15, 1993 for the Western Pacific. After a brief port visit to Hong Kong, back to the Persian Gulf supporting Operation Southern Watch of the UN-sanctioned enforcement of a "no fly zone" over southern Iraq.

In October 1993 Abraham Lincoln was ordered to the coast of Somalia to assist UN humanitarian operations. The carrier four weeks flying patrols over the city and surrounding Mogadishu, backing U.S. ground forces during Operation Restore Hope. After returning from deployment in December 1993, Abraham Lincoln spent several months in SRA and prepared for the next bet.

Abraham Lincoln was the first carrier to female pilots into the crew after the combat exclusion laws were lifted on April 28, 1993 to be. The ship left San Diego on October 24, 1994, to begin training. The next day, Lt. Kara Spears Hult Green, the first female F-14 Tomcat pilot, died when her plane crashed into the sea, on the final approach due to a combination of engine failure and pilot error.

Third use of Abraham Lincoln began in April 1995, when Lincoln was sent to the Persian Gulf, where the ship assisted in Southern Watch and Operation Vigilant Sentinel. During a course supplement, it was Lincoln encountered by the USS Sacramento and the Sacramento could send difficulties resulting from a split rudder, breaking the port side of the USS Sacramento, breaking the M-frames, partially crushing a female crew berth and punching a large hole in the upper Sacramento's. (TACAN room) The Lincoln was able to continue its mission while the Sacramento had to dock at Jebel Ali, United Arab Emirates a few weeks for repairs.

Later that year, an alleged transcript of an exchange between Abraham Lincoln and a Canadian lighthouse widely distributed on the Internet. The Navy has officially denied took place, but it is still circulating.

General characteristics:
Keel laid: November 3, 1984

Launched: February 13, 1988
Client: November 11, 1989 
Builder: Newport News Shipbuilding Co., Newport News, Virginia 
Propulsion system: two nuclear reactors 
Key Engines: fourPropellers: four 
Blades on each Propeller: fiveAircraft elevators: four
Catapults: four 
Stop Hook cables: four 
Length, overall: 1,092 feet (332.85 meters)
Flight Deck Width: 257 feet (78.34 meters) 
Area of ​​the cockpit: about 4.5 acres 
Width: 134 feet (40.84 meters) 
Draught: 38.4 feet (11.7 meters) 
Displacement: approx. 100,000 tons full load
Speed: 30 knots +Aircraft: approx. 85 
Crew: Ship: approx. 3200 Air Wing: 2480 
Armament: two Mk-57 Mod 3 Sea Sparrow launchers, three 20mm Phalanx CIWS Mk 15, two Rolling airframe missile (RAM) Systems
Homeport: Everett, Washington