Wednesday, October 19, 2011

Deadly Charleville musket

Army and Weapons | Deadly Charleville musket | Marin le Bourgeoys created the first true flintlock guns for King Louis XIII shortly after his accession in 1610. During the 17th century, flintlock muskets were produced in a wide range of models.

In 1717, a flintlock musket for the French infantry was standardized. This was the first standard flintlock be issued to all infantry troops. Although it is more properly called a French infantry rifle cartridge or a French musket, muskets that later became known as "Charleville muskets", after the armory in Charleville-Mezieres, Ardennes, France. The standard French infantry musket was produced in Tulle, St Etienne, Maubeuge Arsenal, and other sites. While not technically the correct name for the muskets, the use of the name dates back to Charleville from the U.S. Revolutionary War when the Americans tend to refer to all of the models Charlevilles musket. It should be noted that the naming of these muskets are not consistent. Some references refer only to Model 1763 and later versions as Charleville muskets, while other references are to Charlevilles all models.
The Charleville musket's design has been refined several times during the lifespan. Later models of Charleville muskets remained in service until 1840, when the percussion-lock systems made obsolete flintlock
Charleville muskets had a smooth barrel. Guns were more accurate than smooth muskets, but military commanders prefer smooth bores on the battlefield, because the round of a gun was fit in the barrel, and it was very difficult to load after a few shots, because the black powder used in the Time quickly polluted the barrel. The longer range and better accuracy of the rifle was also regarded as of little value on a battlefield, which was quickly obscured by the black powder smoke. Like all smooth muskets, the Charleville musket was only accurate to about 50 to 100 meters.
The Charleville's .69 "(17.5 mm) caliber barrel was slightly smaller than its main competitor, the .75 caliber Brown Bess by the British. The smaller round was deliberately chosen to reduce weight in the field, but still had enough mass to be effective as a military round.
The Charleville The shares were usually made of walnut.
Charleville muskets were not used in combat as a modern rifle. Instead, Charleville muskets fired in mass formations. In modern warfare, bayonets are seen as a last ditch weapon, but in the days of the Charleville musket, they played a more important role on the battlefield, often accounting for approximately one third of all victims battlefield. Muskets played a dual role on the battlefield, is used as a ranged weapon at a distance, and also used as a pike sort of weapon in close hand to hand combat. This as a pike generally dictated the length of Charleville and weight. A shorter arms could not be used as a pike, and his weight is a balance between heavy enough to be used as a pike or a club, but light enough to be worn and used by the general infantry.
The rate of fire depended on the skill of the soldier, usually about 3 shots per minute.
The Charleville The course was held in place by three barrel bands. This made the Charleville stronger than the British Brown Bess musket, the pins used to keep the vessel in place. The butt of the stock of Charleville was sometimes referred to as the "Patte de vache" (French for "cow foot"), as the form was designed to be used as a club in hand to hand combat.
Charleville muskets were muzzle loaded and used a flintlock mechanism baking. They usually fired a round ball, but can fire other ammunition, such as buck and ball or shot.
After 1754 some changes were made, however, it is unlikely many of the 1754 muskets made in the fighting in North America due to the huge amounts of 1728 muskets into the arms of New France. In 1763, the 46 3/4-inch barreled 1728 musket leave for a shorter new model known commonly as the Charleville Musket. But this did not end the use of the 1728 model in North America. A new army was immersed in the year 1770 with a great need for arms. The Continental Army of the United States was more than happy to buy the old arms of France to help them in their struggle against Great Britain. It is also possible to set shops in New France were re-issued to militia of Quebec to defend against the invading Americans in 1775-1776, and fell into American hands after the fall of Montreal.
In 1763, France has a new model infantry weapon, much stronger than previous models, the accelerated response battles during the War of seven years (which ended the same year). The new musket but soon proved too heavy and after only three years was replaced by the modified version, known as model 1766, designed by M. The Montbeillard, Superintendent of Saint Etienne Manufacture. The new model showed a very strong and reliable, despite remarkably lit up. The Model 1766 was produced in more than 150,000 units in 1770. After that date it was gradually replaced by the Model 1770 & 1777, all muskets used in the force then returned to be stored. When the American Revolutionary War began in 1776, France has happened to many Model 1766 muskets and supplied in large quantities to the United States Army have. The Marquis de Lafayette personally delivered a gift of 25,000 of these muskets of the French Government to General Washington. This helped turn the tide of the American Revolution. As for North America, this musket was also used (with some modifications), through parts of Upper Canada militia at the beginning of the War of 1812.
The French Model 1777 Infantry Musket was the latest in a long series of changes to the 1728 model French Infantry Musket. Some of the unique elements of this model are the finger ridges on the trigger guard, the brass frizz, and the cheek piece carved into the butt of the stock with a straightening and frizz cover slightly different front band. The .66 caliber barrel is 44 3 / 4 inches long and the musket of the total length is 60 cm. As for North America, would have seen limited service in the later part of the American Revolution. This musket (but with an iron frizz) was used by parts of Upper Canada militia at the beginning of the War of 1812. This musket eventually saw service with the 1st Infantry during the Napoleonic Empire.