Wednesday, November 2, 2011

Deadly USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63), the Battle Cat

Army and Weapons | Deadly USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63), the Battle Cat | The supercarrier USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63), formerly CVA-63, was the second Navy ship named after Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, the site of the Wright brothers' first powered airplane flight. Kitty Hawk (or "Battle Cat" as she is affectionately known to sailors)  was the first and last active ship of her class, and the last conventionally powered aircraft carrier in service with the U.S. Navy.
Kitty Hawk was established by the New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, New Jersey, December 27, 1956, and launched May 21, 1960, sponsored by Mrs. F. McElroy Camilla, the wife of Secretary of Defense H. Neil McElroy, and commissioned 21 April 1961 at Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, Captain William F. Bringle in command.

Kitty Hawk was launched by flooding its dry dock. A conventional slide down ways were excluded because of its mass and the risk of collision with the Philadelphia bank across the Delaware River.
With the dismantling of independence on September 30, 1998, Kitty Hawk, the ship carrying the second-longest active status in the Navy - the USS Constitution sailing in Boston Harbor is still being held on active naval status. With this title came the distinction of being one of only two aircraft carriers ever to be honored with flying the First Navy Jack. This came to an end with a statement of 31 May 2002, where the Secretary of the Navy directed all U.S. naval ships to the flag in honor of the dead on September 11, 2001 attacks for the duration of the War on Terrorism.
For 10 years, Kitty Hawk was the forward deployed carrier at Yokosuka Naval Base in Yokosuka, Japan. In October 2008 it was replaced in this role by George Washington. Kitty Hawk returned to the United States and her decommissioning ceremony on January 31, 2009. She was officially decommissioned on May 12, 2009 after almost 49 years service. Kitty Hawk was replaced by the George H. W. Bush.

These carriers are based on an improved Forrestal class design with an improved elevator and flight deck arrangement. These ships are larger than that of Forrestal class and have two elevators forward of the island structure and lift on the starboard aft quarter instead of the front end of the angled flight deck. The John F. Kennedy has a number of adjustments that are not inherent in the Kitty Hawk class, and is therefore designated as its own class. Both the Kitty Hawk (CV-63) and Constellation (CV-64) were modernized in the life extension program (SLEEP), their expected lifespan fifteen years beyond their original life span thirty years. America (CV-66) was not upgraded and was dismantled in 1996.
Kitty Hawk class carriers transported F-14, F/A-18, EA-6B, S-3 A / B, E-2CA aircraft and SH-60 helicopters, a multi-dimensional response to air, surface to give and subsurface threats. USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) and the Ticonderoga-class cruiser USS Vincennes (CG 49) conventionally powered aircraft carrier to perform an addition to sea.

Each of the four catapults on the Kitty Hawk class ship is directly connected to one of the four main propulsion spaces. Each has its own individual steam catapult accumulator bottle, which should be between 510-530 PSI. One Main Machinery Room (1MMR) provides steam to the number one catapult, 2MMR provides a number three catapult, 3MMR provides a number four catapult, and provides a number 4MMR two cats. However, the catapults are not solely driven by its coincident MMR. If necessary, one of the rooms can make one of the catapults by cross-connecting lines to the desired holding tank. Connection to stabbing, a series of valves to be opened or closed, allowing the steam to a different path to take.
Kitty Hawk is 1063 meters long, has a width of 130 meters, 37 meters and attracts water. The flight floor measures 1046 meters to 252 meters. The Kitty Hawk moved 83,960 tons at full load and her compliment is 155 officers, 2775 and 2160 recruited and hired 320 officers (on-board air wing). The Kitty Hawk top speed is 32 knots and her cruising speed is 20 knots. The operational range at 30 knots is 4,000 miles, even if the maximum range is 12,000 miles.

Kitty Hawk is ready with four aircraft elevators, two located on the right side of the cockpit forward of the island, and placed behind two of the island on the left and right sides of the cockpit. The Kitty Hawk is equipped with four steam powered catapults and four arresting wires. The Kitty Hawk is capable of deploying and recovering aircraft simultaneously. Kitty Hawk is capable of 80 + aircraft boarding, depending on the mission provides. A typical began air wing consists of 56 F/A-18 Hornet Strike Fighters, six S-3B Viking ASW aircraft, EA-6B Prowler 4 offensive electronic warfare aircraft, four E-2C Hawkeye electronic early warning aircraft, two ES-3A Shadow electronic warfare (SIGINT) aircraft, SH-60F Seahawk 4 ASW helicopters, and two HH-60H Seahawk combat search and rescue aircraft.
General characteristics:
Keel laid: 27 December 1956 

Launched: May 21, 1960 
Client: April 29, 1961 
Dismantled: May 12, 2009 
Builder: New York Shipbuilding Corp., Camden, NJ
Drive system: eight Boilers 
Key Engines: four Steam Turbine engines 
Propellers: four 
Blades on each 
Propeller: five 
Aircraft elevators: four 
Catapults: four 
Stop Hook cables: four 
Length, overall: 1046.5 feet (319 meters) 
Flight Deck Width: 252 feet (76.8 meters) 
Area of ​​the cockpit: about 4.5 acres 
Width: 129.6 feet (39.5 meters) 
Draught: 35.8 feet (10.9 meters) 
Displacement: approx. 82,200 tons full load
Speed: 30 knots +Cost: about $ 400 million (1961) 
Aircraft: approx. 85
Crew: Ship: 2,900 
Air Wing: 2480 
Armament: two Mk 29 NATO Sea Sparrow launchers, two 20mm Phalanx CIWS Mk 15, two Rolling airframe missile (RAM) Systems