Wednesday, June 29, 2011

Deadly Eurocopter Tiger ( EC 665 )

Army and Weapons | Deadly Eurocopter Tiger ( EC 665 ) | In 1984, the government of West Germany and France entered into a collaboration to create a modern multirole combat helicopter. A joint venture consisting of MBB and Aérospatiale then chosen as the supplier of choice. Because of the high cost of the program was canceled in 1986 but was relaunched in 1987. Subsequently, in November 1989, Eurocopter received a contract to build five prototypes. Three units as a testbed is not armed and the other two armed prototypes: one for the German anti-tank variant and the other for the French escort helicopter variant.
The prototype first flew in April 1991. When Aérospatiale and MBB joined in 1992 to form the Eurocopter Group, the Tiger program is also transferable. Serial production of the Tiger began in March 2002 and the first flight of the first production Tiger HAP for the French army came in March 2003. The first submission of the order 80 helicopters by France took place in September 2003.
At the end of 2003, deliveries began of the order 80 UHT version combat helicopters by the Germans to the Federal Office of Defense Technology and Procurement. Due to technical issues, operational capability is not expected to be achieved before the end of 2012.
In December 2001, Eurocopter awarded the contract for "AIR 87" Australian Army for 22 Tiger ARH helicopters version of (Armed Reconnaissance Helicopter). The first Tiger ARH was scheduled to enter the union in 2004. 18 of 22 aircraft will be assembled in Brisbane of the Australian Aerospace facility, a local subsidiary Eurocopter in Australia. However, due to delays in achieving operational capability, Australia's Defence Materiel Organisation should stop payment on the helicopter on July 1, 2007, In 2008 the main issue has been resolved and re-paid. But in October 2010 revealed that the helicopter will not be fully operational for another two years.
In September 2003, Spain chose a variant of the combat helicopter and the Tiger HAD Tiger HAP for its ground forces. 24 helicopters of this type that have been ordered will be armed with the PARS 3 LR and Mistral missile systems. They will also have MTR390 engine that can lift heavier loads. Delivery is scheduled in 2007-2008. France chose to upgrade the most recent versions of the HAP to the HAD helicopters, so the Varian HAC will not be built. In June 2006, the Rafael Spike-ER was chosen by the Spanish Army as an ATGM from HAD Spain, instead of the previous Trigat missile system.
In July 2006, the Saudi government signed a contract to purchase a total of 142 helicopters, including 12 Tiger attack helicopters. But the deal then failed. initially reported that Tiger will be competing with Kamov Ka-50 and Mil Mi-28 attack helicopters for the competition 22 by the Indian Air Force, Tiger then withdrawn from the competition. At end-2009 have revealed that the Tiger upgrade and thus can not participate in field trials of India.
Tiger body is made of 80% carbon fiber reinforced polymer and kevlar, 11% aluminum, and titanium 6%. The rotor is made from fiber-plastic able to withstand damage during the war and attack the bird. Protection against lightning and electromagnetic pulses ensured by embedded copper / bronze grid and copper bonding foil.
While the Tiger combat helicopter has a conventional configuration of two crew members sit tandem, rather unusual in the front seat pilot and gunner in the rear, unlike all other current attack helicopters. Chairs offset to opposite sides of the midline to improve the vision forward for the gunner in the rear.
Tiger has the ability to withstand attack 23 mm automatic cannon. Installed in a helicopter radar warning system AN/AAR-60 MILDS, laser warning systems, and missile launchers / detector developed by EADS DE, all connected to a central processing unit from Thales and the Saphir-M flare dispenser from MBDA. visual, radar, infrared, sound sensors have been minimized.
The navigation system contains two Thales units Avionique three-axis ring laser gyro, two magnetometers, two air data computers, BAE Systems Canada CMA 2012 four-beam Doppler radar, radio altimeter, global positioning system, and a suite of low-speed sensors and sensors to follow the terrain .Datalinks: Link 4A, Thales Proprietary PR4G, STANAG 5066.Radio: HF, MF, VHF, UHF, military SATCOM, GPS receiver, and datalink.
General characteristics:

* Crew: 2 (pilot & weapon systems officer)
* Length: 15.80 m main rotor to tail rotor; 14.08 m fuselage (51 ft 10 in)
* Rotor diameter: 13.00 m (42 ft 8 in)
* Height: 3.83 m (HAP); 5.20 m with mast-mounted sight (UHT) (12 ft 7 in / 17 ft 1 in)
* Empty weight: 3,060 kg (6,745 lb)
* Max takeoff weight: 6,000 kg (13,225 lb)

* Internal fuel capacity: 1,080 kg (2,380 lb)

* Powerplant: 2× Rolls-Royce plc/Turboméca/MTU MTR390 turboshafts, 873 kW (1,170 shp) each


* Maximum speed: 280 km/h (175 mph)
* Range: 800 km combat; 1,300 km ferry (500 mi / 800 mi)
* Service ceiling: 4,000 m (13,120 ft)
* Rate of climb: 10.7 m/s (2,105 ft/min)
* Disc loading: lb/ft² (kg/m²)
* Power/mass: hp/lb (kW/kg)


* 1x 30 mm GIAT 30 cannon in chin turret (HAP,HAD,ARH) or 1x 12.7 mm or 20 mm gun in pod (UHT)
* 8x Trigat and/or HOT3 (UHT,French HAD) or Rafael Spike-ER (Spanish HAD) or Hellfire II (ARH) anti-tank missiles
* 4x Stinger air-to-air missiles (UHT,ARH) or 4x Mistral air-to-air missiles (HAP,HAD)
* Pods of 19x 70 mm SNEB (UHT,HAD) or Hydra (ARH), or 22x 68 mm SNEB (HAP), or 7x 70 mm SNEB (HAD) or 70 mm or 2.75" unguided rockets.