Friday, July 8, 2011

Deadly Westland Lynx

Army and Weapons | Deadly Westland Lynx | Westland Lynx is a Multi-purpose military helicopter owned by British Royal Navy, is produced by Westland Helicopters in its factory in Yeovil. As a military helicopter in the ranks of the Navy has many functions as the Anti Ships warfare, ASW (Anti Submarine Warfare) and SAR (Search and Rescue). In 1986 Lynk modifications have solved the Fédération Aeronautique Internationale speed record. Helicopters have been manufactured and marketed by AgustaWestland.
The initial design (later known as Westland WG.13) which began in the mid-1960s as a replacement for the Westland Scout and Wasp, and more advanced alternative to the UH-1 Iroquois. As part of the Anglo-French helicopter agreement signed in February 1967, the French company Aérospatiale given the job of making the program. Aérospatiale receive 30% of production by Westland do the rest. This meant that France would buy Lynx for its Navy and as an armed reconnaissance helicopter for the French Army, with the British in return for buying Aérospatiale Gazelle and Puma for the armed forces. French Army Lynx cancel the requirement in October 1969.
The original Lynx design powered by two turboshaft engines Gem 2 Rolls-Royce, and used many components from the Scout and Wasp. However, the rotor is still new, a semirigid design with blades like a knife honey. The first Lynx prototype took its maiden flight on March 21, 1971. In 1972, a Lynx broke the world record speed of more than 15 and 25 miles by flying at 321.74 km / h (199.92 mph). It also set a new record for the circuit of 100 km from the old record, flying at 318.504 km / h (197.91 mph).
Over 100 Lynxes as ordered by the British Army Lynx AH.1 (Army Helicopter Mark 1) for different roles, such as transport, armed escort, anti-tank warfare (with eight TOW missiles), reconnaissance and evacuation. The Army has fitted a Marconi Elliot AFCS system to the Lynx for automatic stabilization on three axes. Lynx production deliveries began in 1977.
An Improvisation Lynx AH-1 with 41-1 Gem or Gem 42 engines and transmissions for AH.5 referenced as Lynx, only five were built for evaluation purposes. Lynx AH.7 AH.5 be adding a new tail rotor came from Westland 30, a strengthened fuselage, upgraded avionics and defensive aids. receive further upgrades in the service including the British Experimental Rotor Programme (BERP) rotor blades.
Lynx naval variant of the initial, known as the Lynx HAS.2 in English units, or Lynx Mk.2 (FN) in units of France, is different from Lynx AH.1 equipped with three wheels and deck control system, main rotor blades that can be folded, emergency flotation system and a radar mounted dihidung. A Navy Lynx improved to the kingdom, HAS.3 Lynx, had a 42-1 Mark Gem 204 engine, uprated transmission, the new flotation system and the system Orange Crop ESM.Lynx HAS.3 also received numerous other updates in the unit. An upgrade is similar to France known as the Lynx Lynx Mk.4 (FN). Many different variants of export-based Lynx HAS.3 HAS.2 and sold to other Air Force.
In 1986, former Lynx demonstrator company, registered under the name G-Lynx, specifically modified by Gem 60 engine and propeller rotoe BERP. On August 11, 1986 the helicopter was piloted by Trevor Egginton when making an absolute speed record for helicopters over a workout of 15 and 25 miles by reaching 400.87 km / h (249.09 mph) the official records held at that time.
Lynx 3Announced in 1984, Lynx-3 is the continued development of Lynx, with a stretched body, redesign tailboom and tail surfaces, engine 60-3/1 Gem and new tricycle undercarriage Lynx-3 is also included BERP rotor blades and increased fuel capacity . Both variants of the Army and the Navy proposed. This project ended in 1987 due to lack of orders. only one prototype Lynx-3 variants of the Army are made.
Super LynxA development by Lynx AH.7 undercarriage wheels of the Lynx-3 marketed by Westland as the Battlefield Lynx in the late 1980s. The first prototype flew in November 1989 and deliveries began in 1991. This variant entered the British Army unit as Lynx AH.9.
In the early 1990s, Westland incorporate several technologies from the design-3 Navy Lynx to Super Lynx including BERP rotor blades, tail rotor of the Westland 30, 42 Gem engines, installation of new 360-degree radar under the nose and installation of electro-optic sensor turret dihidung. Royal Navy Lynx HAS.3 SuperLynx upgraded to standards in units known as the Lynx HMA.8 and several export customers ordered the new model or upgrade to SuperLynx. Then Westland offers SuperLynx 200 with LHTEC CTS800 engine and the Super Lynx 300 which also has a new cockpit and avionics from the AgustaWestland EH101. Both of these models have achieved some export sales.
Super Lynx 300, with new tailboom, undercarriage, cockpit, avionics and a new sensor called the Future Lynx, this type has been renamed by AgustaWestland AW159 Lynx as a Wildcat.
General characteristics

Crew: 2 or 3
Payload: 737 kg
Length: 15,241 m (50 ft)
Rotor diameter: 12.80 m (42 ft)
Height: 3734 m for mk7; 3785 m for mk9 (12:25 ft for mk7; 12:41 ft for mk9)
Disc area: 128.71 m² (1.385 ft ²)
Empty weight: 3.291 kg (7.255 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 5.330 kg (11.750 lb)
Powerplant: 2 × Rolls-Royce Gem turboshaft, 835 kW (1.120 shp) each

Maximum speed: 324 km / h (201 mph)
Range: 528 km (328 miles) with standard tanks

Naval: 2 x torpedoes or 4x Sea Skua missiles or 2 x depth charges.
Attack: 2 x 20mm cannons, 2 x 70mm rocket pods of CRV-7, 8 x TOW ATGM
General: General Purposes 7.62 mm Machine Guns (AH.7 and AH.9), Browning heavy machine guns AN/M3M.50 Calibre (HAS.3 and HMA.8)