Monday, October 31, 2011

Deadly Admiral Flota Sovetskovo Soyuza Kuznetsov

Army and Weapons | Deadly Admiral Flota Sovetskovo Soyuza Kuznetsov | Admiral Flota Sovetskovo Soyuza Kuznetsov (Russian: Адмирал флота Советского Союза Кузнецов "Fleet Admiral of the Soviet Union Kuznetsov"), originally called Riga, renamed Leonid Brezhnev then Tbilisi) is an aircraft cruiser (heavy aircraft missile cruiser (TAVKR) in the Russian classification) as the flagship of the Russian navy. She was originally commissioned in the Soviet Navy, and was intended for the lead ship of her class, but the only other ship of her class, Varyag, has never taken and sold to the People's Republic of China by Ukraine under the condition that they should never be altered before the fight. Kuznetsov is named after the admiral of the fleet of the Soviet Union Nikolai Kuznetsov Gerasimovich.

While designated an aircraft carrier by the West, the design of the Admiral Kuznetsov class "implies a mission different from that of the United States Navy carriers or the Royal Navy. The term used by its builders to the Russian ships describe tyazholyy avianesushchiy raketnyy kreyser (TAVKR or TARKR) - "heavy aircraft-carrying missile cruiser" - to support and defend strategic missile carrying submarines, surface ships and naval missile-carrying aircraft of the Russian navy.
Main fixed-wing of the Admiral Kuznetsov aircraft's multi-role Sukhoi Su-33. It can perform air superiority, fleet defense and air support missions and can also be used for exploring and searching for naval mines. It is enhanced by the dual seat Su-33UB, which for the pilot program used in conjunction with the Su-25UTG. The carrier also carries the Kamov Ka-27 Kamov Ka-27s and helicopters for anti-submarine warfare, search and rescue, transportation and small.

For take-off of fixed wing aircraft, the Admiral Kuznetsov uses a ski jump at the end of her deck. Take-off acceleration in the direction of aircraft and the ski jump using their afterburners. This results in the exit plane of the deck at a higher angle and height on an aircraft carrier with a flat deck and catapults. The ski-jump take-off is less demanding on the pilot, because the acceleration is lower, but results in a clearance rate of only 120 to 140 h (75-85 mph) for which an aircraft design that will not stall at those speeds .
The cruiser role is facilitated by the Kuznetsov complement of 12 long-range surface-to-surface anti-ship Granit (SS-N-19) (NATO reporting name SHIPWRECK) cruise missiles. This justifies arming of the Russian ship type designation "heavy aircraft cruiser".

Admiral Flota Sovetskovo Soyuza Kuznetsov, constructed at Nikolayev South Shipyard in Nikolayev, Ukrainian SSR, was launched in 1985 and became fully operational in 1995. An official ceremony marking the start of construction took place on September 1, 1982, it was actually recorded in 1983. The ship was first named Riga, but in November 1982 the name was changed to Leonid Brezhnev, in August 1987 to Tbilisi, and finally on October 4, 1990 to Admiral Flota Sovetskovo Soyuza Kuznetsov, under Admiral Kuznetsov shortly. The ship was 71% complete in mid 1989. In November 1989 she undertook her first test aircraft. In December 1991 she sailed from the Black Sea to the Northern Fleet to join. Until 1993 she received aircraft.
Kuznetsov made a Mediterranean cruise in early 1996, marking the 300th anniversary of the Russian navy. During that period the carrier lying at anchor at sea from the Syrian port of Tartus and its planes, mainly Su-33 fighter planes made flights near the Israeli coast line and were intercepted by Israeli F-16s. At the end of 1997 she remained immobilized in a Northern Fleet shipyard, awaiting funding for major repairs, which were halted when she only 20% complete.  

The revision was completed in July 1998, and the ship returned to active duty in the Northern Fleet on 3 November 1998. The Kuznetsov apparently still in the harbor for about two years to participate in activities related to the rescue and salvage of the Kursk submarine in late 2000. Plans for further operations were postponed or canceled. In late 2003 and early 2004, the Kuznetsov went to the sea for inspection and testing. End of October 2004 she participated in a fleet exercise in the Russian Navy in the Atlantic, and again in September 2005. During the financial year 2005 was one of its Su-33 fighters involved in an accident and fell from the carrier in the Atlantic Ocean.
Although the financial and technical problems have led to reduced activity of the ship, it is expected that Admiral Kuznetsov will remain in active service until at least 2030. On September 27, 2006 it was announced that Admiral Kuznetsov will return to the Northern Fleet at the end of the year. The ship will undergo a modernization refit, in an attempt to address some of its many technical problems to correct. Admiral Vladimir Masorin, Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy, also stated that several Su-33 fighters assigned to the aircraft carrier would return to the ship after undergoing maintenance and refits of their own.

On December 11, 2007, Admiral Kuznetsov passed by the Norwegian oil platforms in the North Sea, 60 nautical miles (110 km) outside Bergen, Norway. Su-33 fighters and Kamov helicopters were launched from the carrier, while in the area of ​​the rigs. The incident caused the Norwegian helicopter service to its flights to the rigs, due to risk of a collision with a Russian aircraft operating from the carrier to stop. The Russian carrier was in international waters during the maneuver.
The Admiral Kuznetsov then the Mediterranean Sea where she participated in an exercise, along with 11 other Russian naval surface ships and 47 aircraft. She performed three tactical training missions, using live and simulated missile launches by both air and surface missiles.

According to the newspaper "Bulletin Reports," the Russian Mikoyan MiG-Navy expects to buy 29K for the Admiral Kuznetsov in 2011, according to an informed source in the Russian Defence Ministry, noting that the agreement should be concluded within the next two years. Information was confirmed by the general designer of one of the defense business, which manufactures parts for these aircraft, while the MiG company declined to comment.

Currently, according to a companion publication of the Ministry of Defense, the Navy has a fleet of 19 carrier-based Su-33 fighter aircraft, a means that matures in 2015. The production of new Su-33 is possible but not economically viable for such small volumes. At the same time, the MiG-29K in this respect are more convenient, because the Indian Navy has already ordered 16 aircraft and plans to buy at least 30 aircraft. As noted by Konstantin Makienko, reducing costs and making Russia the series article to save on development. India has paid $ 730 million for the development and delivery of 16 fighters, while the 24 aircraft for the Russian fleet would cost approximately $ 1 billion.