Monday, October 31, 2011

Deadly HMS Invincible England Carrier Vessel

Army and Weapons | Deadly HMS Invincible England Carrier Vessel | HMS Invincible was a British light aircraft carrier, the lead ship of three in her class at the Royal Navy. She was launched on May 3, 1977 and is the seventh ship to bear the name. She saw action in the Falklands War when she was deployed with HMS Hermes, she took over as flagship of the British fleet at Hermes was sold to India. Invincible was deployed in Yugoslavia and Iraq. She was decommissioned in 2005. In February 2011 she was sold to the Turkish Leyal Ship Recycling.

The ship was built by Sir WG Armstrong, Whitworth & Co., Ltd. on Tyneside. She was recorded on April 2, 1906, and launched on the fifteenth of April 13, 1907 by Lady Allendale. On December 28, 1907, while still setting up, she was struck by the collier Oden, resulting in the buckling of the beams and windows in the hull and bottom plates are five stove inside she was officially completed on 16 March 1909. On March 18, they sailed from the Tyne to Portsmouth, where they would be taken. On the way they collided with the brig Mary Ann, and stood by until the lifeboat John Birch came from Yarmouth to the brig to take in tow.
HMS Invincible was a battleship of the Royal Navy, the lead ship of her class of three, and the first battleship to be built by any country in the world. She participated in the Battle of Heligoland Bight in a small role as she was the oldest and slowest of the British battle cruiser today. They fired on the light cruiser Köln, Köln but not hit her until it was sunk by the battleship Lion. During the Battle of the Falkland Islands and her sister Inflexible Invincible sank the armored cruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau almost without loss to themselves, despite the countless hits of the German ships.

She was the flagship of the 3rd Battlecruiser Squadron during the Battle of Jutland. The squadron was detached from Admiral Beatty's Battle Cruiser Fleet a few days before the battle for artillery practice with the Grand Fleet and served as the heavy scouting in force during the battle. She was devastated by a magazine explosion during the battle after the "Q" turret was penetrated.
Invincible was built in Barrow-in-Furness by Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering. It was established in 1973 and launched on May 3, 1977. On July 11, 1980 she was the command and the fleet other carriers Hermes and Bulwark in service.

Invincible was significantly greater than its predecessors of the armored cruiser Minotaur class. She had a total length of 567 ft (173 m), a width of 78.5 m (23.9 ft), and a depth of 30 feet (9.1 m) in deep drawers. She displaced 17,250 long tons (17,530 tons) during loading and 20,420 long tons (20,750 t) at deep load, almost 3,000 long tons (3,000 tons) more than the previous ships.
The Invincible class ships were formally known as armored cruisers until 1911 when they were redesignated as a battle cruiser by Admiralty order of November 24, 1911. Unofficially, some clues were used to date, including cruiser-battleship, cruiser and dreadnought battle cruiser.

The water was six inches thick band roughly between the fore and aft 12-inch gun turrets, but was reduced to four inches from the front turret to the bow, but do not extend behind the rear tower. The turrets were protected by the barbettes and seven in (178 mm) of armor, except the tower roof including 3 used in (76 mm) of non-cemented Krupp armor (KNC). The thickness of the main deck was 1-2 in (25-51 mm) and the lower deck armor was 1.5-2.5 in (38-64 mm). Mild steel torpedo bulkheads were fitted with 2.5-inch thick at the height of the magazines and shell rooms.

Invincible initially lacked a close-in weapon systems. As one of the lessons of the Falklands War Invincible had two 20 mm Raytheon Phalanx close-in weapon equipped, but these were later upgraded to three Thales 30 mm Goalkeeper CIWS, there are also two Oerlikon 20 mm cannons. Countermeasures were provided by a Thales-fault system and ECM system, Seagnat chaff launchers or flare decoys. Initially the carriers were armed with a Sea Dart SAM missile system, but this was removed to enlarge the cockpit and magazine storage and deck space for the Royal Air Force Harrier GR7s possible.

After several alterations have been, the carrier Air Group has grown from the originally planned five Sea Harriers and nine Sea Kings to nine Sea Harrier or Harrier GR7/9s and twelve helicopters (usually all Sea Kings, either anti-submarine warfare (ASW) or Airborne Early Warning (AEW) variants). Alternative airgroups were occasionally tested with 16 Harriers and three helicopters are embarked. The carrier is equipped with a flagship facility and was operational headquarters for the Royal Navy task forces to offer. The track is 170 meters (560 feet) long and contained the characteristic "ski jump" (initially at 7 °, later increased to 12 °).